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National Museum of the Union

 National Museum of the Union


Corridor: Western Trans-Balkan Road
Country: Romania, Alba Julia
 National Museum of the Union

The museum in Alba Iulia was inaugurated in 1888 upon the initiative of the Historical, Archaeological and Natural Sciences Society of the Lower Alba County, having the famous archaeologist Adalbert Cserni as headmaster. In 1929, under the aegis of the ASTRA Association, it was organized as the Museum of the Unification. The rich archaeological collections were further enriched by valuable artifacts and a new collection of items belonging to the modern history of the Romanians was added. In 1938, under the lead of the historian Ion Berciu, the settlement came to be managed by the Romanian state, but with a changed name: the Alba Regional Museum. In 1968 it underwent an ample reorganization, returning to its former name. Both buildings of the museum are listed as historic monuments. The "Babylon" building is a historic monument and was built between 1851 - 1853, bearing influences of Romantic architecture. It was used as a residence pavilion for officers, and between 1967 - 1968 it was refurbished to become a museum. Sala Unirii (The Union Hall) - a historic monument- was built between 1898 and 1900. It is the building where Marea Adunare National  (The Great National Assembly) voted the union of Transylvania with Romania. The museum presents prehistorical archaeology items (pottery, stone, bronze and iron tools and weapons); Dacian archaeology items - belonging to the Dacian fortresses of Craiva, Cugir and Cupalna (pottery, monuments, iron, bronze and silver weapons and tools), Roman archaeology items - belonging to the great urban centre of Apulum (Roman epigraphic and sculpture monuments dating from the 2nd - 3rd centuries, glyptics, coins, pottery, iron weapons and tools, ornaments), mediaeval archaeology (pottery, gold, silver and bronze jewelry and other artifacts dating from the 8th -10th centuries, originating in the cemeteries discovered at Alba Iulia, Blandiana and Ghirbom; weapons, nobiliary signets or belonging to the city of Alba Iulia). Modern history items collection (documents, photographs and memorial objects relating to the 1848 Revolution, the Memorandum and the National Union of the Romanians on the 1st of December, 1918), periodicals and books, ethnography and folk art collections (clothes, woven materials, pottery, religious paintings on wood or glass, metallic and wooden objects) and numismatic collection (ancient, medieval and modern coins) are also of great interest. The library of the museum owns over 55,000 items.

Str. Mihai Viteazu nr. 12 - 14

0258/813.300; 0258/811.853

10 - 17; Monday: closed