Cultural Corridors of South East Europe

Heritage by Country / Greece


Info Sections

About the site

Corridor: Western Trans-Balkan Road
Country: Greece, Trikala
Type: Christian religious centre
Epoch: Middle Ages
Theme: Christian Monasteries
World Heritage: Cultural and Natural Heritage (mixed)
Middle AgesChristian MonasteriesChristian religious centreCultural and Natural Heritage (mixed)

In a region of almost inaccessible sandstone peaks, monks settled on these ‘columns of the sky’ from the 11th century onwards. Twenty-four of these monasteries were built, despite incredible difficulties, at the time of the great revival of the eremetic ideal in the 15th century. Their 16th-century frescoes mark a key stage in the development of post-Byzantine painting.


Meteora is from the biggest and most important group of monasteries in Greece after those in Mount Athos. We can locate the first traces of their history from 11th century when the first hermits settled there. The rock monasteries have been characterized by Unesco as a unique phenomenon of cultural heritage and they form one of the most important stations of cultural map of Greece.
The most important monasteries of Meteora are:
The Holy Monastery of Great Meteoron, the Holy Monastery of Varlaam, the Holy Monastery of Rousanou, the Holy Monastery of St. Nicholas Anapausas, the Holy Monastery of St. Stephen, The Monastery of Holy Trinity.

Expert network